Where uncontrolled thrust load forces could damage equipment.
Anchor Flanges are custom designed to provide the most economical dimensions for each special application
Normally furnished in A105 with a minimum yield of 42,000 psi
The ANCHOR FLANGE is designed for immobilization of high pressure pipe lines. Normally, it is a relatively simple matter to compensate for expansive movement of pipe caused by temperature changes and internal pressure.
The welding neck Anchor Flange overcomes the difficulties normally encountered in anchoring, for the pipe is always held immobile, there are no unnecessary stress raisers created because of filled welds on the O.D. of the pipe and the possibilities of underbead cracking are minimized since the assembly is butt-welded.
The designer calculates the amount of expansion (or contraction) to be expected and then provides expansion elements such as loops, offsets, bends, etc., to give the line sufﬁcient ﬂexibility to absorb the stresses that are created. In conjunction with this, there must be a suitable number of anchors installed to ensure proper functioning of the expansion element. But at pipeline river crossings, compressor stations, meter and valve settings, etc., the problem is complicated by the magnitude of the end forces resulting from the use of large diameter pipe (a 30" O.D. x .500 wall pipe subjected to a 90° F temperature change and an operating pressure of 1000 psi will develop an end thrust of over 1,000,000 pounds, and the difﬁculty of providing adequate anchorage. Anchor Flanges can address these problems.
Anchor are custom designed to provide the most economical dimensions for each special application. Stress calculations are performed as outlined in ASME Section VIII, Division I, Appendix 2. As an example, are typical dimensions for an Anchor Flange designed to match a 24" O.D. x .500 wall, API 5LX60 pipe, Type “B” construction, 1480 psi with a temperature differential of 90°F and a maximum concrete bearing stress of 1500 psi.
In order to reply promptly to inquiries and to propose the most economical design for speciﬁc service conditions, the following information is needed:
1. Matching pipe O.D., wall thickness, minimum yield, material spec.
2. Design Pressure
3. Temperature Differential
4. Design Code (ASME, B31.4 or B31.8)
5. Design factor (if applicable)
6. Design concrete bearing stress (if not speciﬁed, 1500 psi will be used)
7. Special requirements (NDE, Charpy tests, unusual loads, etc.)